第八篇 Food Safety and Foodborne Illness
Food safety is an increasingly important public health issue.Governments all over the world are intensifying their efforts to improve food safety.These efforts are in response 1 an increasing number of food safety problems
and 2 consumer concerns.
Foodbome illnesses are 3 as diseases,usually either infectious or toxic in nature,
caused by agents that enter the body through the ingestion of food.Every person is 4 risk of foodborne illness.
Foodborne diseases are a widespread and growing public health problem,both in developed 5 developing countries.The global 6 of foodbome disease is difficult to estimate,but it has been reported that in 2005 7 8 million people died from diarrhoeal diseases1.A great 8 of these cases can be attributed to contamination of food and drinking water. 9 ,diarrhoea is a major cause of malnutrition in infants and young children.2
In industrialized countries,the percentage of the population suffering from foodbome diseases each year has been reported to be 10 10 30%.In the United States of America(USA),for example,around 76 million cases of foodbome diseases, 11 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths.are estimated to occur each year.
While less well documented,developing countries bear the brunt of the problem due to the presence of a wide 12 of foodborne diseases,including those caused by parasites.3 The high 13 of diarrhoeal diseases in many developing countries suggests major underlying food safety problems.
In partnership 14 other stakeholders,WHO is developing policies that will further promote the safety of food.These policies cover the entire food chain from production to consumption and will 15 different types of expertise.4 词汇:
intensify vt.使增强,使加剧 stakeholder n.(某组织、工程、体系等的)参与人,参与方
ingestion n.摄取 consumption n.消费,消耗
attribute vt.归因于…… expertise n.专门知识或技能