修辞

1.The boast and pride of the richest and grandest nation ever seen on earth---hyperbole.

2.A steel stadium like a huge rat-trap somewhere further down the line.---simile, ridicule

3.There was not one that was not shabby.--double negation, repetition

4.The country itself is not uncomely, despite the grime of the endless mills.-----litotes ,double negation

5.By the hundreds and thousands these abominable houses cover the bare hillsides, like gravestones in some gigantic and decaying cemetery.-----simile

6.They have the most loathsome towns and villages ever seen by mortal eye. -----hyperbole

7.Safe in a Pullman, I have whirled through the gloomy, Godforsaken villages of Iowa and Kansas, and the malarious tidewater hamlets of Georgia.-----antonomasia

8.They are incomparable in color, and they are incomparable in design.-----sarcasm

9.It is as if some titanic and aberrant genius, uncompromisingly inimical to man, had devoted all the ingenuity of hell to the making of them.----- hyperbole, irony

10.Are they so frightful because the valley is full of foreigners- dull, insensate brutes, with no love of beauty in them? rhetorical question

11.But in the American village and small town the pull is always toward ugliness, and in that Westmoreland valley it has been yielded to with an eagerness bordering upon passion.-sarcasm

12.It is incredible that mere ignorance should have achieved such masterpieces of horror.--- - ridicule ,irony

13.They like it as it is ,beside it, the Parthenon would no doubt offend them.----sarcasm

14.The effect is that of a fat woman with a black eye.---metaphor

15.It is that of a Presbyterian grinning----metaphor

1.Nostalgic recollections to the middle-aged and curious questionings by the young---transferred epithet

2.Our young men.....foreign flags----metonymy

3.The strife of 1861-1865...a magnolia-scented soap opera.---metaphor

4.To add their own little matchsticks to the conflagration of “flaming youth”, it was Greenwich Village that fanned the flames. Metaphor, metonymy

5.But since the country.... “they do things better”---personification, metonymy

6.The intellectuals.....its literary experience---parallelism

1.It is a complex....American---allusion

2.It is as though...open sky---simile

一.metaphor: 1.here was the very heart of industrial America

2. on their low sides they bury themselves swinishly in the mud

3. with dead and eczematous patches of paint peeping through the streaks

二.Simile: 1. One blinked before them as one blinks before a man with his face shot away

2. Set like a dormer-window on the side of a bare leprous hill

三.Hyperbole:1.here was wealth beyond computation

2. What i allude to is the unbroken and agonizing ugliness

四.1.Obviously if there were architects of any professional sense of dignity in the region, they would have perfected a chalet to hug the hillsides.(sarcasm)

2. I award this championship only after laborious research and incessant prayer.(sarcasm irony)

3.....and having chose it, they let it mellow into its present shocking depravity, (sarcasm)

4. They made it perfect in their own sight by putting a completely impossible penthouse (ridicule)

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