Global citizen is someone who identifies with being part of an emerging world community and whose actions contribute to building this community's values and practices. Global citizenship believes that humankind is essentially on and each individual has the power to change things. In our interdependent world, global citizenship encourages us to recognize our responsibilities toward each other and learn from each other. Global citizens care about education, disease, poverty, and environmental issues around the world. Today, the forces of global engagement are helping some people identify themselves as global citizens who have a sense of belonging to a world community. This growing global identity in large part is made possible by the forces of modern information, communications and transportation technologies. Global citizenship aims to empower people to lead their own action. Along with the knowledge and values that they have gained from learning about global issues, people need to be equipped with the necessary skills to give themselves the ability and confidence to be pro-active in making a positive difference in the world.
世界公民是指一个人承认自己是新兴的全球社区的一分子, 而且其行动对全 球社区的价值打造和实践活动有所贡献。 世界公民相信人类从本质上来说是一个 整体, 每个人都有改变事物的能力。 在我们这样一个相互依赖的世界中, 世界公 民意识鼓励我们认识到对彼此的责任, 并从对方身上学习。 世界公民关心全球的 教育、疾病、贫穷和环境问题。在当今,全球合作的力量在使一些人萌发世界公 民的意识, 让他们拥有对全球社区的归属感。 这种不断发展的世界公民意识在很 大程度上来讲, 要归功于现代信息、 通信和交通技术的力量。 世界公民意识致力 于给予人们力量, 让他们付诸行动。 世界公民除了要从世界问题中学习知识和价 值观,还要拥有必需的技能,使他们拥有能力和自信,积极推动世界的发展。 UNIT 2
The American Dream is a national ethos(精神特质 )of the United States. The term is used in many ways, but it essentially is an idea that suggests that anyone in the US can succeed through hard work and has the potential to lead a happy, successful life. Many people have expanded upon or refined the definition to include things such as freedom, fulfillment and meaningful relationships. The idea of an American Dream is older than the US, dating back to the 1600s, when people began to have all sorts of hopes and aspirations for what was a new and largely unexplored continent to European immigrants. And the meaning of the Dream has changed over the course of history, including both personal components and a global vision. But not everybody thinks the American Dream is a positive thing. Some people believe that the structure of society in the US prevents such an idealistic goal for everyone. Critics often point to examples of inequality rooted in class, race, religion and ethnicity that suggest that