英语课后题

Unit1

Task1

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the sentence.

1.Your job as a future employee is to help the hiring manager mitigate

that risk.

A. alleviate

B. manage

C.suppress

D.trace

2. You need to help them identify you as a prospective “key player”.

A.immediate

B.permanent

C.expected

D.prosperous

3. Kelly was outstanding and outshone every other player on the field.

A.polished

B.surpassed

C.overlooked

D.survived

4. Better still,develop a reputation inside your lab and with people your lab collaborates with as a person who fosters and initiates collaborations.

A.furnishes

B.relieves

C.originates

D.protects

5. He is a former scientist who transitioned to industry many years ago and then on to a senior management position.

A.transplanted

B.succeeded

C.pursued

D.transferred

6. The unions mobilized thousands of workers in a protest against the cuts.

A.removed

B.discarded

C.contracted

http://m.360docs.net/doc/info-cf10e26b3b3567ec102d8a94.htmlanized

7. This creates a requirement not only for people who can act quickly,but for those who can think fast with the courage to act on their

convictions.

A.instincts

B.accents

C.reputations

D.beliefs

8. His speech was made with such great ambiguity that neither supporter nor opponent could be certain of his true position.

A.neatness

B.acquisition

C.vagueness

D.perception

9. The scientist who is transitioning into the business world must prioritize his or her relationship assets above their technical assets.

A.advantages

B.ranges

C.defects

D.abstracts

10. This approach, combined with a liberal use of the pronoun “we”and not just “I”when describing your accomplishments,can change the company’s perception of you from a lone wolf to a selfless collaborator.

A.response

B.scope

C.observation

D.impression

11. I’m trying to foster an interest in classical music in my children.

A.encourage

B.adopt

C.oppose

D.resist

12. A German company collaborated with a Swiss firm to develop the product.

A.operated

B.cooperated

C.collided

D.liberated

答案:1—5 ACBCD 6—10 DDCAD 11—12 AB

Task3

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word from the box. Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

The independence-versus-interdependence issue has been written about regularly and is often introduced as the major issue separating the two worlds of scientific (1) academic and industrial. For decades,academia has (2) lip service to the idea of collaboration, but the incentive-and-reward system has been slow to (3) . Despite the widespread interest in collaboration and its obvious value in an academic (4) , collaboration remains informal and is actually (5) by the tenure process, in which scholars are penalized for sharing (6) for their work with others.

Large-scale academic collaboration has taken place successfully in the past; the Manhattan Project and contemporaneous radar research, and numerous experimental particle physics projects, to (7) just a few examples, are not perhaps academic in the purest sense, but they (8) that academic scientists can play well with others.More recently, new systems biology studies are bringing a sense of (9) into academic life science labs, but there have been some growing pains. Still, in most of academic science-including the life science-the long wolf still (10) .

答案:(1)employment (2)paid (3)adjust (4)setting (5)discouraged (6)credit (7)cite (8)demonstrate (9)teamwork (10)rules

Unit2

Task1

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the anderlined word in the sentence.

1. Each and every restaurant provides delicious yet economical culinary fare.

A.food

B. choice

C.ticket

D.soup

2. Guangdong Province is located in southern China, with a moderate climate and abundant produce all year round.

A.harsh

http://m.360docs.net/doc/info-cf10e26b3b3567ec102d8a94.htmld

C.excessive

D.humid

3. The culinary culture has exerted a far-reaching influence on other parts of China.

A.spreading

B.widespread

C.positive

D.famed

4. Many Chinese restaurants in China, as well as other parts of the world, serve this dish, but often the flavor is less authentic.

A.agreeable

B.acceptable

C.genuine

D.contrastive

5. The names of Chinese dishs are diverse.

A.misleading

B.varied

C.interesting

D.divided

6. This dish of streaky pork is prepared over a slow fire.

A.fatty

B.lean

C.steamed

D.diced

7. People later named it Dongpo Meat, to commemorate this gifted and generous poet.

A.recommend

B.honor

C.promote

D.advocate

8. It is famous for leaving a lingering aftertaste in the mouth.

A.strong

B.fragrant

C.continuing

D.imposing

9. The eating process is a time to show humility and concern for others.

A.modesty

B.care

C.responsibility

D.passion

10.Qu Yuan drowned himself in the Miluo River after being politically wronged.

A.sentenced

B.abused

C.treated unjustly

D.banished

答案:1—5 ABBCB 6—10 ABCAC

Task3

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word from the box. Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

Cuisine in China is a harmonious (1) of color, taste, shape and fragrance. For the cooking process, chefs pick (2) and varied ingredients and seasonings and employ the unparalleled and complicated skills (3) down from their fathers, always (4) to their ideal of perfection for all the senses. Among the many cooking methods they use are boiling, stewing, braising, frying,

(5) , crisping, baking, simmering. When they finish their

(6) they are arranged on a variety of plates and dishes so that they are a real (7) to view, to smell and ultimately to savor. The facility to (8) of these delights is also distinctive-chopsticks! To see even the smallest child eat with such dexterity is quite (9) for many foreigners. The use of two simple sticks in this way is an art in itself and chopsticks have determined the way in which Chinese food is (10) at the table.

答案:(1)integration (2)choice (3)handed (4)aspiring

(5)steaming (6)masterpieces (7)pleasure (8)partake

(9)amazing (10)presented

Unit3

Task2

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate phrase from the box. Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

1. How does our product those of our competitors?

2. Mr.Jenkins’arguments for stability with Europe’s two most powerful politicians .

3. The court decided that the company’s actions unfair dismissal .

4. You could improve the tree by some of the upper branches.

5. It includes tips on how to write for kids and why certain stories

different ages .

6. He has learned to his superior’s moods and act accordingly .

7. As it , he passed the exam quite easily .\

8. Sympathy for the rebels , the government claims , is beginning to .

9. We researchers from three different universities to work

on the project .

10. This is the most delicate deal that we’ve ever : we have reasons to be proud of ourselves .

11. I’ve had three of the neighbors’children me for the afternoon .

12. All exits must baggage .

答案:

Unit4

Task1

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase in the sentence.

1.Although such a statement may seem self-centered, it’s actually quite

insightful.

A.perceptive

B.insignificant

C.superstitious

D.respectful

2.Among other things, people who like themselves are more open to

criticism and less demanding of others.

A.exacting of

B.caring for

C.disapproving of

D.concerned with

3. It can be romantic, exciting, obsessive. And irrational.

A.impatient

B.polished

http://m.360docs.net/doc/info-cf10e26b3b3567ec102d8a94.htmlpulsive

D.spiritual

4. And, people who say they are “in love” emphasize caring, intimacy, and commitment.

A.relationship

B.fidelity

C.accommodation

D.promise

5. In any type of love, caring about the other person is essential. Although love may involve passionate yearning, respect is a more important quality.

A.involvement

B.desire

C.conscience

D.ache

6. Instead, it is an unhealthy or possessive dependency that limits the lovers’social, emotional, and intellectual growth.

A.manipulative

B.resistant

C.jealous

D. tremendous

7. These misconceptions often lead to unrealistic expectations, stereotypes, and disillusionment.

A.disapproval

B. disappearance

C. discourage

D.disenchantment

8. It means paying bills, putting out the garbage, scrubbing toilet bowls, being up all night with a sick baby, and performing myriad other “oatmeal” tasks that are not very sexy.

A.few

B.indefinite

C. numerous

D. untimely

9. Even during the preteen years, romantic experiences are cultured in the sense that societal and group practices and expectations shape romantic experience.

A.form

B. result from

C. develop

D. succeed

10. Once desire diminishes, disappointed lovers may wonder where the “spark” in their relationship has gone and may reminisce regretfully (and longingly) about “the good old days”.

A.revive

B.reveal

C.recall

D.record

答案:1—5 AACBB 6—10 CDCAC

Task3

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word from the box. Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

If we look at love in other countries and cultures, we find many variations. In societies like India, love is not necessarily a(n) (1)

for marriage . Even highly educated Indian men and women who (2) non-Indians while living in Western countries often consent to arranged marriages. (3) for parents’wishes, family traditions , and duty to the kin group are more (4) than love. Most middle- and upper-middle class women in India can marry (5) they want. Many, however, prefer arranged marriages and have veto power over undesirable (6) . Arranged marriages are attractive because they offer more stability than love. According to one (7) educated woman in Calcutta who has been happily married for three years to a man she had met just three times before their engagement, love isn’t (8) for marital happiness: “I met a lot of people I liked, but no one was (9) for marriage, because I was looking for practicality also. Love is important, but it’s not (10) .”

答案:(1)prerequisite (2)date (3)respect (4)important

(5)whomever (6)candidates (7)highly (8)essential

(9)suitable (10)sufficient

Unit5

Task1

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the sentence.

1.The speaker announced the establishment of a new college.

A.breakdown

B.steup

C.output

D.construction

2.He has traveled extensively in China, recording every facet of life.

A.detail

B.corner

C.step

D.aspect

3.This negative attitude is surprisingly prevalent among young boys.

A.liberal

B.previous

http://m.360docs.net/doc/info-cf10e26b3b3567ec102d8a94.htmlmon

D.definite

4.At that point, the public sector deficit was estimated to be around £45 billion.

A.forecasted

B.judged

C.determined

D.boasted

5.It was claimed that some doctors were working 80 hours a week.

A.revealed

B.required

C.stated

D.pleaded

6.Wildlife seems to flourish in the area.

A.grow well

B.pass out quickly

C.settle down easily

D.make up conveniently

7.He lives in Australia now, so we only see him very occasionally.

A.regularly

B.sometimes

C.scarcely

D.often

8.She has been commissioned to write a new national anthem.

A.asked

B.required

C.ordered

D.contracted

9.One of the most prestigious universities in the country is looking

for a new president.

A.popular

B.prosperous

C.admired

D.accountable

10.He wouldn’t let me reimburse him for the cost of his journey.

A.pay

B.charge

C.switch

D.punish

11.Gaining confidence is a major component when developing leadership skills.

A.reason

B.legend

C.part

D.necessity

12.We need to be given greater flexibility in the use of resources.

A.capacity to sustain

B.ability to maximize

C.rise of productivity

D.ability to make changes

13. He’ll never get anywhere working for himself—he lacks self-discipline.

http://m.360docs.net/doc/info-cf10e26b3b3567ec102d8a94.htmlitary training

B.self control

C.a vivid imagination

D.a sense of belonging

答案:

Task3

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word or phrase from the box . Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

英语课后题

Yoga is an ancient system of relaxation , exercise , and healing with origins in Indian philosophy . Early descriptions of yoga are(1) in Sanskrit , the classical literary language of India . The first known work is The Yoga Sutras , written more than 2,000 years ago , although yogo may have been (2) up to 5,000 years ago . The initial concepts have been (3) over time through translation and scholarly interpretation , but the (4) principles describing the practice of yoga in the quest of the (5) remain largely intact . Yoga has been (6) as “the union of mind , body , and spirit”, which addresses physical , (7) , intellectual , emotional and spiritual dimensions towards an overall harmonious (8) . The philosophy of yoga is sometimes (9) as a tree with eight branches . These eight limbs are: pranayama (breathing exercises), asana (physical postures), yama (moral behavior), niyama (healthy habit), dharana (concentration), prathyahara (sense withdrawal), dhyana (contemplation), and samadhi (higher consciousness). There are several schools of yoga practice , such as hatha yoga , karma yoga , bhakti yoga , and raja yoga . These schools vary in the proportions of the (10) of the eight limbs . However , they are all similar in working towards the goal of self-realization and (11) of mental , physiological , and psychological parameters through yogic(12) . In the United States

and Europe , hatha yoga is commonly practiced, (13) pranayama and asanas . Yoga is often practiced by healthy (14) with the aim to achieve relaxation , fitness , and a healthy lifestyle . Yoga has also been recommended and used for a variety of (15) conditions . Yoga techniques can be learned in classes or through videotape instruction . Classes last from 30 to 90 minutes and are offered at various skill levels .

答案:

Unit6

Task1

Choose the best answer from the four choices to complete each of the sentences below.

1. The press has been asked to respect the of the Royal Family during this very difficult time.

A.individualism

B.privacy

C.isolation

D.insulation

2. The pharmaceutical company attracted a amount of funding for research into a cure for cancer.

A.considerate

B.conservative

C.countless

D.considerable

3. A conference might help create new marketing ideas or provide

a(n) for discussion of problems.

A.arena

B.playground

C.stadium

D.stage

4. His book is the cultural of the year.

A.incident

B.accident

C.event

D.affair

5. The mountaintop provides a spectacular view of Innsbruck and its .

A.environments

B.surroundings

C.circumstances

D.vicinities

6. Finance during marriage is a very big issue particularly with regards to the mortgage and household bills.

A.separation

B.division

C.allocation

D.detachment

7. Ed’s already health deteriorated after he left the hospital.

A.invalid

B.faint

C.fragile

D.crisp

8. A man driven by is capable of anything.

A.respect

B.embarrassment

C.conceit

D.jealousy

9. Glenn started acting after his wife’s funeral.

A.popular

B.peculiar

C.particular

D.persistent

10. If a vitamin is frequently absent from the diet,a(n) may develop.

A.efficiency

B.sufficiency

C.deficiency

D.proficiency

答案:

Task3

Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word from the box. Change the form if necessary.

英语课后题

The culture of New York City is shaped by centuries of immigration, the city’s size and variety, and its status as the cultural capital of the United States.Because of its (1) size and cultural influence, New York has been the (2) of many different, and often (3) , portrayals in the mass media. From the sophisticated and

(4) metropolis seen in many Woody Allen films, to the hellish and (5) urban jungle depicted in such movies as Martin Scorsese’s Taxi Driver, New York has served as the unwitting backdrop for virtually every conceivable viewpoint on big city life.

In the early years of film New York City was characterized as urbane and (6) . By the city’s crisis period in the 1970s, however, films like Midnight Cowboy, The French Connection, Marathon Man, and Death Wish showed New York as full of chaos and (7) .With the city’s renaissance in the 1980s and 1990s came new portrayals on television; Friends, Seinfeld, and Sex and the City showed life in the city to be (8) and interesting. Nonetheless a disproportionate number of (9) dramas, such as Law&Order,continue to make criminality in the city their subject, even as New York has become the (10) large city in the United States in the last two decades. 答案:

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